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Europangatähed ja -mündid võeti kasutusele 1. jaanuaril 2002 ja neist on saanud Euroopa lõimumise käegakatsutav sümbol. Eurot kasutatakse iga päev kaheksateistkümnes ELi riigis ning see on lihtsustanud kauplemist ja reisimist. 334 miljonit inimest teeb nüüd sularahamakseid ühes ja samas vääringus.

Ühisraha kujunemislugu

Euroopa Liidu loomisele ja ühisraha kasutuselevõtule pandi alus 1992. aastal Maastrichti lepinguga. Pärast aastaid kestnud ettevalmistustöid võeti europangatähed ja -mündid Euroopa Liidu kaheteistkümnes liikmesriigis kasutusele 1. jaanuaril 2002. Kokku on euro kasutusele võtnud üheksateist Euroopa Liidu riiki.

Kõik ELi riigid peaksid ühinema majandus- ja rahaliiduga ning võtma kasutusele euro, niipea kui on täidetud lähenemiskriteeriumid. Erandiks on Taani ja Ühendkuningriik, kellel on õigus ühisraha kasutuselevõtust loobuda.

Europangatähtede teise seeria kasutuselevõtt on osa jätkuvast arendustegevusest. Uuel seerial on kõrgtehnoloogilised turvaelemendid, mis aitavad tagada euro kui maksevahendi usaldusväärsust.



  • 1. jaanuar 2002: Europangatähed (ja mündid) võetakse kasutusele kaheteistkümnes ELi riigis: Belgias, Saksamaal, Iirimaal, Kreekas, Hispaanias, Prantsusmaal, Itaalias, Luksemburgis, Madalmaades, Austrias, Portugalis ja Soomes.
  • 1. jaanuar 2007: Sloveenia võtab kasutusele euro.
  • 1. jaanuar 2008: Küpros ja Malta võtavad kasutusele euro.
  • 1. jaanuar 2009: Slovakkia võtab kasutusele euro.
  • 1. jaanuar 2011: Eesti võtab kasutusele euro.
  • 8. november 2012: EKP teatab uue 5-eurose pangatähe kasutuselevõtust europangatähtede teise seeria raames ning avalikustab teabe kolme uue turvaelemendi kohta.
  • 10. jaanuar 2013: Avalikustatakse uue 5-eurose pangatähe terviklik kujundus.
  • 2. mai 2013: Euroalal lastakse ringlusse uus 5-eurone pangatäht.
  • 1. jaanuar 2014: Läti võtab kasutusele euro.
  • 13. jaanuar 2014: Avalikustatakse uue 10-eurose kujundus.
  • 23. september 2014: Euroalal võetakse kasutusele uus 10-eurone pangatäht.
  • 1. jaanuar 2015: Leedu võtab kasutusele euro.
  • 24. veebruar 2015: Avalikustatakse uue 20-eurose pangatähe kujundus.
  • 25. november 2015: Uus 20-eurone pangatäht lastakse ringlusse kõigis euroala riikides.
  • 5. juuli 2016: Avalikustatakse uue 50-eurose pangatähe kujundus.
  • 4. aprill 2017: Uus 50-eurone pangatäht lastakse ringlusse kõigis euroala riikides.



EKP roll

Maini-äärses Frankfurdis asuv Euroopa Keskpank vastutab rahapoliitika elluviimise eest euroalal ja tal on ainuõigus anda luba pangatähtede emissiooniks euroalal. Sealjuures teeb EKP koostööd euroala riikide keskpankadega.

Üksikasjalikum teave EKP kohta



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